Providing insights into how and why people do what they do
The Centre for Decision Research has developed a strong research profile, with publications in a broad range of international journals. Its research strategy reflects the strengths of group members, contemporary developments in the decision research agenda and relevant policy needs.
The Centre is able to provide consultancy work on many aspects of decision making and related topics to a wide range of clients. If you would like further information about potential consultancy projects, please contact Professor Barbara Summers.
Here we report some of our research grants and projects from a variety of domains. The methods and theoretical approaches employed range from decision analytic techniques, preference elicitation techniques, and stakeholder meetings, to experimental psychology and judgment analysis.
Funding source: EU Horizon2020 SPIRE
Summary: Dr Richard Hodgett and Professor Alan Pearman, in collaboration with a number of industrial partners including Britest Ltd, INEOS, A.Spire, Iris and CRIT-Research, have been awarded with funding for a 2-year project that will increase the industrial uptake of project findings in Sustainable Process Industry through Resource and Energy Efficiency (SPIRE) EU projects.
Funding source: Innovate UK (67%) & ESRC (33%)
Summary: Dr Richard Hodgett, Professor Barbara Summers and Dr Sajid Siraj have secured funding for a Knowledge Transfer Partnership in collaboration with a very successful international music label. The aim of the project is to develop a system utilising machine learning, artificial intelligence and decision science methodologies to support and enhance the identification of new musical talent and maximise the profitability of the talent identification process. The project will support a KTP associate to work on the project for 27months supervised by the academic team and the CTO of the music label.
Funding source: ESRC
Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Research for a commercial client. Professor John Maule, Dr Barbara Summers and Dr Constantinos Hadjichristidis (Centre for Decision Research).
Research Council, UK: Rural Economy and Land Use Programme, jointly funded by ESRC, BBSRC and NERC. Professor John Maule (Centre for Decision Research) with Professor R Shepherd (University of Surrey), Professor S. French (Manchester Business School), Dr G. Barker (Institute for Food Research, Norwich) and Dr A. Hart (Central Science Laboratories, York)
Funding source: Leverhulme Trust
Summary: Dr Simon McNair, in partnership with Citizens Advice Bureau in Leeds and Bradford, is leading a three-year project to develop, implement, and evaluate an auxiliary psychological advice tool to be deployed alongside current Bureau financial advice. This tool aims to teach people simple, and effective psychological coping skills in areas such as stress management, self-efficacy, and emotional control in an attempt to mitigate the kinds of psychological barriers that may otherwise undermine the effectiveness of other, practical financial guidance people receive from Bureau advisors. The project findings will contribute directly and authoritatively to recent and ongoing shifts in national policy recommendations made by policy organisations in the UK (Money Advice Service) and the US (Consumer Finance Protection Bureau) concerning developing more effective financial support services. Visit the webpage for further information.
Funded by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York (FRBNY), this project aims to understand how consumers form their inflation expectations, and how to better elicit these inflation expectations on national consumer surveys. Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin, with Professor Julie Downs and Baruch Fisschhoff (Carnegie Mellon University, USA), as well as with Dr. Olivier Armantier, Dr. Giorgio Topa, Dr. Wilbert van der Klaauw, Dr. Simon Pottor, and Dr. Basit Zafar (FRBNY)
Funding source: Network for Studies on Pensions, Aging, and Retirement (NETSPAR) / University of Tilburg
Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Research for the Department of Constitutional Affairs. Dr Barbara Summers (Centre for Decision Research) with Professor Daniel Read (University of Durham) and Fiona Fylan (Brainbox Research).
Dr Barbara Summers, Dr Darren Duxbury, Professor John Maule and Professor Alan Pearman.
KTP award working with Yorkshire Bank. Professor Klaus Reiner Schenk-Hoppé (Accounting & Finance Division) with Dr Barbara Summers (Centre for Decision Research).
Dr Barbara Summers, Professor Alan Pearman, Dr Darren Duxbury, Professor John Maule and Dr Nicola Bown.
CDR is providing input to research into communication about pensions being run by TNS-BMRB and NEST (Dr Barbara Summers with support from Dr Darren Duxbury, Professor John Maule and Professor Alan Pearman).
Funding sources: Cancer Research UK Population Research Fellowship
Summary: UK and EU health policy aim to promote understanding of health risks, so as to empower people to make better health choices, including through web-based communications. Websites about cancer are widespread and provide information concerning cancer risk factors, prevention strategies, and screening programmes. Effective communications about cervical cancer screening are particularly needed, as most cervical cancer cases could be prevented through screening. However, cancer risk communications are often too difficult to interpret, even for educated audiences. The proposed work will test a low-cost strategy for improving web-based communications about cervical cancer: Adding evidence-based graphs that are easy to understand. Visit the webpage for further information.
Funding sources: ESRC
Summary: Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Dr Gulbanu Kaptan and Dr Nicky Bown received a grant to run a seminar series with Co-Is from the Food Standards Agency (FSA), the Waste and Resources Action Programme (WRAP), and Newcastle University. The seminar series aims to understand and improve UK consumers’ decisions about nutrition, food safety, and domestic food waste. The goals align with DEFRA, the Food and Agricultural Organisation and others who use the modern view of ‘food security’ for developed countries, by defining it as access to food that is nutritious, affordable, safe, and sustainable, while producing minimum domestic waste. Better food safety and reduced food waste are high priority for the EU. Visit the webpage for further information
Funding source: German Research Foundation
Summary: Dr Gulbanu Kaptan received a grant from the German Research Foundation as a collaborator, with PI and Co-I’s from the Universities of Pennsylvania (USA) and Konstanz (Germany), and collaborators from the Universities in Brazil, Ghana India, Japan, France, and Mexico to work on a cross-cultural project on Why People eat in a Traditional or Modern Way (€286,180).
Funding source: Medical Research Council
Summary: Dr Andrea Taylor is co-investigator on a successful bid for funding from the Medical Research Council. The project, which brings together researchers from York, Leeds, Strathclyde and Cambridge, will focus on developing a reference protocol for expert elicitation in health care decision making.
MAFF/ Food Standards Agency. Professor John Maule (Centre for Decision Research) with Professor S. French, (Manchester Business School).
NHS Health Technology Assessment Programme. Professor John Maule (Centre for Decision Research) with Professor T. Raynor, Dr P. Knapp, Dr S. Gilbody, P. Spoor (University of Leeds), A. Blenkinsopp & K. Pollock (University of Keele).
Hilary Bekker (CDR/ Leeds Institute of Health Sciences), Anne Stiggelbout (Professor in Medical Decision Making, University of Leiden), Barbara Summers (CDR/ LUBS), Anna Winterbottom (Senior Research Fellow, Bradford Royal Infirmary), Andrew Mooney (Consultant Nephrologist, St James’s University Hospital), Gary Latchford (Consultant Clinical Psychologist, St James’s University Hospital), and Martin Wilkie (Consultant Nephrologist, Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust).
Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Suraje Dessai, Baruch Fischhoff, Astrid Kause, Andrea Taylor and other members of the Centre for Decision Research have been studying how people form their perceptions of climate change, and make decisions about preparedness for climate change impacts. Our initial funding came from the U.K. Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) and the Economic and Social Research Council (see project website). Since then, funding has been obtained from the US National Science Foundation to collaborate on this topic with Carnegie Mellon University’s Center for Climate and Energy Decision Making and from the Swedish Riksbankens Jubilieumsfond to collaborate with the University of Lund.
Funding Source: Newton Fund Weather and Climate Science for Service Partnership Programme, which is delivered by the Met Office for the Newton Fund
Summary: Andrea Taylor and colleagues Yim Ling Siu, Suraje Dessai, and Lindsay Lee at SEE have been awarded a contract to address challenges related to the treatment of uncertainty in climate services in China. Combining expertise in risk communication, environmental risk assessment, climate risk management, and statistical treatments of uncertainty in climate models, the team will work with programme partners in the Met Office and Chinese Meteorological Administration to better understand and address the needs of Chinese climate service users for information about uncertainty in climate predictions, and produce evidence based recommendations for the treatment and communication of uncertainty for climate service providers.
Funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, this project aims to examine consumers’ decisions about their energy use and conservation, and to inform the design of feedback provided to consumers through in-home displays, as well as through different pricing programs. Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin, with Professor Baruch Fischhoff, Professor Jay Apt and others (Carnegie Mellon University, USA)
EPSRC, Dr Laure Cabantous and Professor Alan Pearman, (Centre for Decision Research).
Funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council (L00805X/1), this project aims to promote public protection against heat waves. Wändi Bruine de Bruin (PI), with Suraje Dessai, Baruch Fischhoff, Sari Kovats, Carmen LeFevre, and Andrea Taylor.
A research project investigating the perception of extreme weather projections. The research team, including several CDR members, was awarded £24,329 for a 5-month pilot project entitled “A behavioural science approach for evaluating communications about climate-related risks and uncertainties” from the Models To Decisions Network sponsored by ESRC, EPSRC, NERC, and AHRC (see http://blogs.exeter.ac.uk/models2decisions/).
For more information, see the project page.
Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin and others received funding from the European Union to understand how decisions change with age, and how to help people of all ages to obtain better decision outcomes. For more information, see the project website.
Funded by an EU Marie Curie Fellowship, this project aims to provide improved understanding of effective designs of financial planning communications for European consumers at risk of poverty in older age. Dr Cazilia Loibl (Research Fellow, CDR), Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruine (CDR) and Dr Barbara Summers (CDR). Visit the webpage for further information.
Funded by the U.S. National Institute of Aging, this project aims to understand the cognitive processes involved in the formation of people’s perceptions of health risks and expectations for future health and retirement. Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin, with Professor Robert Willis and others (University of Michigan, USA)
Funding source: EU Horizon2020 Marie Curie Fellowship
Summary: Gabriella Eriksson (Swedish Transport Institute and University of Stockholm) was awarded with a 2-year EU Horizon2020 Marie Curie Fellowship to visit Leeds. She will work with Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin (LUBS and Centre for Decision Research) as well as with Natasha Merat (Institute for Transport Studies) to understand and improve drivers’ judgments about speeding risks.
Further information can be found on the project webpage.
European Commission, Dr Jeremy Shires, Dr Paul Timms and Bryan Matthews (all Transport Studies) and Professor Alan Pearman (Centre for Decision Research).
European Commission, Dr Paul Timms (Transport Studies) and Professor Alan Pearman.
Funding source: This project is being funded by a two-year EU Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowship (ref: 748647)
Summary: The EU urgently seeks to improve emergency evacuation preparedness. EU public spaces are getting more crowded. Fires and terrorist attacks require emergency evacuation. Faster evacuation from public buildings during emergencies saves more lives.
Dr Natalie van der Wal is leading Project Evacuation, with the aim of improving speed and survival in emergency evacuations, through the combined insights from agent-based computer modeling, risk communication/decision research, and an advisory board of emergency responders.
Further information can be found on the Project Evacuation webpage.
Funding source: Swedish Riksbankens Jubileumsfond / University of Lund
Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Funding source: EPSRC
Summary: Professor Alan Pearman is the lead academic on an EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account grant on Bayesian network modelling of pig disease symptoms. Working with colleagues in the School of Biology and with the company Barefoot Lightning, they will jointly develop a decision support system based on Bayesian network modelling to improve diagnosis of pig disease by agricultural support workers in developing countries.
DERA. Professor John Maule, Professor A. D. Pearman, Dr D. Read, & N. J. Bown, (Centre for Decision Research).
ESRC New Challenges Programme. Professor John Maule (Centre for Decision Research) with Professor Lynne Cameron (Education), Professor Peter Stratton (Psychology), Dr Zazie Todd (Psychology) and Neil Stanley (Law).
CDR is providing input to research into attitudes to loss being run by Opinion Leader and PADA (Dr Barbara Summers, Dr Darren Duxbury, Professor John Maule and Professor Alan Pearman)
Funded by Unilever, Proctor & Gamble, Coors and Crown Foods. Professor John Maule (Centre for Decision Research) with Dr Jon Reast (University of Hull).
Funding source: ESRC / University of Essex
Professor Wändi Bruine de Bruin